Urine Color Chart

Whenever you pass urine, you should always notice its colour. Why? Because, urine colour will help you spot dehydration symptoms in your body. Dehydration can occur if you don't drink enough water during the day. Dehydration can lead to many serious health related problems and maybe even death. Apart from dehydration it'll also help you spot signs of urinary tract infection. If you're able to understand the urine colour you pass, you may be able to spot an underlying health condition. The following chart for hydration as well as infection will help you match your urine colour and assess your health situation.

Causes of Dehydration

There can be many causes of dehydration. It may happen due to severe diarrhoea and vomiting. Body loses water faster than it can replenish the fluids. This leads to severe dehydration. It can also occur by drinking a lot of caffeinated drinks. It causes your body to lose more fluids leading to dehydration. Avoid drinking sugary drinks to quench your thirst. Instead of replenishing the body fluids, sugary drinks cause dehydration. This is because each sugar molecule requires one molecule of water for its metabolism. Excessive running, walking, exercises may also lead to dehydration. Excessive sweating may also cause loss of body fluids.

Causes of Other Health Problems

Many times one may observe changes in urine colour due to a urinary tract infection. At times, kidneys that aren't functioning to the optimum level also cause change in urine colour. Thus, bacterial infection, kidney ailments, liver problems, etc. can lead to colour changes of the urine.

Urine Colour Chart for Hydration

If you're wondering if you're experiencing dehydration or if your body is well-hydrated, then the following table will prove to be a helpful guide.

The colours are just representative of the urine colour. Match the shade of your urine to the nearest colour in the chart for interpretation.

URINE COLOR CHART TO INDICATE DEHYDRATION
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  Level 1 This is the normal colour of urine. If this is your urine colour, it means you're well-hydrated and healthy.
Level 2 Slightly darker colour urine also indicates you're okay. All you need is to drink a little more water.
  Level 3 This still indicates you're hydrated. Need to drink about 1/2 bottle of water in an hour. You could even drink a whole bottle (1/2 litre) of water. This advice should be followed especially by those who are outside and/or sweating.
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  Level 4 This indicates you're dehydrated and need to drink at least 1 bottle (1/2 litre of water immediately.
  Level 5 you're definitely dehydrated and need to increase your water intake. If you're drinking excess caffeinated drinks, stop immediately. Your body is experiencing severe loss of water.
  Level 6 This is the most severe sign of dehydration. You should be drinking ½ litre water and seek medical help without delay.

Consequences of Dehydration

In the above urine colour chart for dehydration, level 1 and level 2 indicate normal urine colours. Level 3 urine colour indicates dehydration to some extent, whereas 4 and 5 point towards severe dehydration. Dehydration results in impaired performance of an individual. Other dehydration symptoms include nausea, weakness, fatigue, muscle cramps and unsteady gait. If you notice dark urine along with the symptoms of dehydration you need to stop all physical activity. You should loosen your clothes and sit down. Drink water. Not in gulps. Instead sip water slowly. If you gulp water down, it'll lead to severe nausea and even vomiting. Sipping will help your body replenish water and overcome dehydration. If one suffers from vomiting, confusion, agitation, convulsions, high body temperature due to dehydration, call for medical help immediately. The person needs to be laid down on a flat surface and loosen all clothing. Give him sips of water if the person is conscious. You can pour cold water over the person or apply ice on their skin to cool them.

Urine Colour Chart for Health Problems

As mentioned above, urine colour can also indicate health problems. The following table will cover information that'll help you understand possible health causes for a particular urine colour.

The diagnosis given is to help readers understand the possible causes. This isn't a diagnostic tool. One should visit a medical professional and carry out proper diagnostic tests, in order to confirm the underlying health issues.

URINE COLOR CHART TO INDICATE POSSIBLE HEALTH AILMENTS
  Pale yellow, clear or cloudy Clear urine indicates your health is fine. You should continue eating healthy food and follow the correct diet that suits your body type.

If the urine has no colour, it may indicate diabetes insipidus that causes large amounts of severely diluted urine. In some cases, it may indicate liver disease, like hepatitis or liver cirrhosis. Diabetes mellitus. Cloudy urine may indicate cystitis.

  Dark yellow or golden colour Dark urine is a sign of dehydration. It may also indicate of over-consumption of vitamins or food supplements containing B complex vitamins as well as laxatives containing cascara and senna. Consumption of medications like chloroquine and nitrofurantoin, primaquine, methocarbamol, metronidazole may also cause the urine to darken.

It may also indicate other medical ailments like liver cirrhosis, hepatitis and acute glomerulonephritis. At times people eating excess of Fava beans, aloe and rhubarb may also find their urine colour turning golden-yellow.

  Deep yellow, orange or amber Orange urine colour indicates dehydration as well excess consumption of certain food dyes. At times, laxatives also lead to orange urine.

Other than that, eating excessive carrots, vitamin C ,and foods high in carotene also change the colour of the urine into amber, deep yellow or orange colour. Use of certain medications like pyridium can cause orange colour of urine.

  Pink or red colour Pink or red coloured urine indicates kidney infections or bladder infections. Excessive consumption of beets, berries and food dyes can also cause the urine to turn pink or red.

Porphyria, is disease that attacks the skin and nervous system of a patient. It causes the urine to turn dark reddish pink in colour. Hematuria causes blood in urine, that can be due to a bacterial infection or blood from the kidneys.

  Green or Blue Green urine can be caused due to a side effect of medications like amitriptyline, indomethacin. It can also occur due to excessive consumption of asparagus and food dyes.

Blue urine can be caused due to “Blue diaper syndrome”, also called,familial hypercalcemia. This is a rare disorder that turns the colour of urine blue. It's an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder seen in infants. It causes a peculiar bluish discolouration of the infant’s diaper.

This was all about urine colour chart for dehydration. You can speak to a medical expert about urine colour and what it means for more information related to your health. You should drink about 8 to 10 glasses of water daily to avoid dehydration. Staying hydrated is also good for your skin, hair and other body organs. Water helps flush out toxins from the body as well as other infectious agents. So, make sure you drink enough water to remain healthy and active.

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